By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014
In the early days of global battle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it used to be the most important artillery piece of its type on the earth and a heavily guarded mystery. whilst battle broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed at once from the manufacturing unit to Liege the place they speedy destroyed forts and forced the citadel to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German squaddies christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or huge Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that equipped the howitzers. The nickname used to be quickly picked up via German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of huge Bertha was once born. This e-book information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons ahead of and through international warfare I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published pictures of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....
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Extra info for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I
The first example was delivered three years later for testing (in May 1909). Despite initial problems penetrating 30cm thick armored plate, it passed testing the next year and was accepted for service in the spring of 1911 under the pseudonym 42cm kurze Marinekanone (short naval cannon) 12 or Gamma-Gerät (Gamma-Equipment). However, at twice the size and more than three times the weight, transportation and emplacement of the Gamma were far more difficult than either model of the Beta-Gerät. Yet, despite its immobility, the Gamma was accepted by the APK because, at the time, firepower was the primary consideration for siege artillery.
Romanych) A Gamma-Gerät howitzer from KMK Battery 1 emplaced near Avricourt, 12 kilometers northeast of Fort Manonviller. The battery fired 158 rounds at the fort during August 25–27, 1914. (NARA) The battle began on August 20 when German troops pushed Belgian infantry back to the line of forts and established artillery observation points. The next day, heavy artillery opened fire on Forts Marchovelette and Andoy. Siege artillery joined in on the 22nd with two M-Gerät howitzers assigned to Fort Marchovelette, four Skoda mortars to Fort Cognelée, and four to Fort Maizeret.
However, the Beta-Gerät mortar had two serious shortcomings. First and foremost was its firepower. 5cm armored shells were designed to penetrate the armor plate and concrete of Belgian and French fortifications, tests conducted in the mid-1890s revealed that its projectiles were now ineffective against recently modernized French forts. In order to avoid designing another gun, an improved projectile was developed, yet doubts still lingered about the Beta-Gerät mortar’s destructive power. The second shortcoming was mobility.