A Companion to World Philosophies by Eliot Deutsch, Ron Bontekoe

By Eliot Deutsch, Ron Bontekoe

This awesome quantity bargains scholars, lecturers and basic readers an entire introductory survey of the foremost non-western philosophical traditions.

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The art that Cook Ding perfected in dissecting a bull with < previous page page_13 next page > < previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 the natural grace of a ritual dance was the result of a long-term commitment to a form of life which has to be practiced daily for years. The process of unlearning (forgetting), much more rigorous than the pursuit of knowledge, requires mental intentness that only the most dedicated can endure. On the surface, Zhuangzi's Dao transcends humanity, rightness, ritual, and music and is definitely anti-humanist and unConfucian, but in a deeper sense what Zhuangzi aspires to is true enlightenment, in which all formalistic structures are relegated to the background to make room for great knowledge and profound virtue.

Yangming elucidates how, in practical terms, our sensitivity connects us with all modalities of being through concrete examples of differentiated human responses to the suffering and destruction of others (children, birds and animals, plants, and stones). Learning to be human, in this sense, is to extend from what we care about the most (our children, parents, and spouse) to all the realms of existence that we do not even imagine we are intellectually connected to. Challenge of the Enlightenment Mentality Catholicism was introduced to the Chinese intellectual community by Matteo Ricci (1552 1610) and his fellow Jesuits.

Yet the so-called "Buddhist conquest of China" was a peaceful voluntary conversion. Some of the most brilliant minds in China traveled thousands of miles on land and by sea to India to seek the true dharma for saving the world as well as for personal salvation. The very fact that nowadays the number of translated Buddhist sutras * available in Chinese surpasses that of the extant original in Sanskrit and Pali* by a wide margin clearly indicates the scope of the cumulative effort undertaken by the Chinese monkscholars.

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