By Edward Shorter
This can be the 1st ancient dictionary of psychiatry. It covers the topic from autism to Vienna, and comprises the main thoughts, members, areas, and associations that experience formed the evolution of psychiatry and the neurosciences. An creation places huge tendencies and foreign variations in context, and there's an in depth bibliography for extra studying. every one access supplies the most dates, subject matters, and personalities taken with the unfolding of the subject. Longer entries describe the evolution of such topics as melancholy, schizophrenia, and psychotherapy. The ebook supplies prepared connection with when issues occurred in psychiatry, how and where they occurred, and who made the most contributions. additionally, it touches on such social subject matters as "women in psychiatry," "criminality and psychiatry," and "homosexuality and psychiatry." A complete index makes instantly obtainable matters that don't look within the alphabetical directory. between those that will relish this dictionary are clinicians excited by the origins of innovations they use of their day-by-day practices, reminiscent of "paranoia," "selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors" (SSRIs), or "tardive dyskinesia"; simple scientists who wish prepared connection with the advance of such innovations as "neurotransmitters," "synapse," or "neuroimaging"; scholars of scientific historical past prepared to situate the psychiatric narrative inside of higher occasions, and most of the people involved in health problems that would impact them, their households and their communities-or readers who in simple terms need to know in regards to the grand chain of occasions from the asylum to Freud to Prozac. Bringing jointly info from the English, French, German, Italian, and Scandinavian languages, the Dictionary rests on a tremendous base of basic resources that disguise the expansion of psychiatry via all of Western society.
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Extra info for A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry
The ‘cause’ of ‘schizophrenia’ is to be found by the examination . . of the whole social context in which the psychiatric ceremonial is being conducted” (p. 103). As Alec Jenner, a biochemically oriented psychiatrist, said later, “I knew Ronnie Lang very well. . He wasn’t totally antipsychiatry in what he said when he was talking to 25 Antipsychotics | Anxiety and Phobias me. . The truth is that the medical world had almost no time for him. The arts faculty and the literary world were enamoured by him and the revolutionary attitude of students—the don’t-change-your-mind-there’s-a-fault-in-reality type of philosophy” (Healy, III, Psychopharmacologists, p.
A gentleman once under my care could not sit still in the chair long enough to take an application of electricity” (pp. 41–42). Naming the syndrome akathisia (1901). ) ϩ “kathisis” (sitting down). In November 1901, Ladislav Haskovec (1866–1944), a neurologist from Prague who had previously studied with Jean-Martin Charcot, demonstrated to the Paris Neurological Society two patients who were unable to remain seated. ” Yet, as he continued in his paper, published in 1901 in the Neurological Review (Revue neurologique), “If this phenomenon is encountered more commonly .
New York psychoanalyst Otto Fenichel (pronounced PHEN-ih-kel) (1898– 1946), a Freud pupil and Viennese emigré, had a large section on it in his textbook, The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis (1945), though, of course, without any reference to Stekel, who by then had long been branded a heretic. Freud’s conception of anxiety collapses many previous subdivisions (1926). As the psychoanalytic movement gained in inﬂuence, Freud’s concepts increasingly displaced previous distinctions in psychopathology.