By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge heritage of archaeology through the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the realm. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological notion and perform, and the impact on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional info for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
The latter two were more diYcult to obtain, given the diYculties in trespassing on the frontiers of the Ottoman Empire. Yet, some Greek and Egyptian material—mummies and ushabti Wgures among other objects—started to reach private collections such as that of the Danish physician Ole Worm, later bought for the Danish royal collection (Gundestrup 1990: 48). This was one of many, and was comparable to the older collections gathered in the courts of Munich, Vienna (Kaufmann 1994), Dresden and Madrid (Mora´n Turina & Rodrı´guez Ruiz 2001).
In this context, the collections of antiquities and early legislation are analysed. The second section of the chapter considers developments during the Enlightenment, looking at the philosophy and political thought underpinning the use of the past in the eighteenth century. Central to this is rationalism—the ideology that everything could be explained by self-regulating systems of laws—the use of the classics, claims for cultural diversity, the search for national pasts and the construction of a romanticized Greek past.
He provided the historical basis for the Ottoman sultan of Turkey to legitimize the conquest of Constantinople as a revenge for the fall of Troy. A contemporary of Cyriac of Ancona, Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, praised the Germans as the people chosen by God who were capable of facing the might of Rome. In 1496 Piccolomini followed this line in another book, Germania, describing Turks not as Antiquities and Political Prestige 35 descendants of the king of Troad (from whom the Romans themselves believed themselves descended) but of the Scythians.