Greening Public Budgets in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and by OECD


During the last 20 years, the international locations of jap Europe, Caucasus and vital Asia (EECCA) have passed through major political and financial reforms. As a part of this reform time table, they've got began modernising their public administrations and expenditure administration practices, bringing them towards overseas criteria. although, the new worldwide monetary and financial predicament printed a mess of closing structural weaknesses within the public monetary platforms of those international locations that badly affected their financial functionality. whereas this concern is a true problem, it additionally presents a chance for the EECCA governments to hurry up the implementation of public finance reforms (PFRs) on the way to offer a more fit foundation for extra improvement. This record goals to assist EECCA environmental administrations to harness the aptitude merits of on-going PFRs; fairly the shift to multi-year budgeting, balance of investment, and, finally, a more desirable use of public funds. extra in particular, the level to which the environmental region is built-in into medium-term budgetary methods is analysed. in this foundation, the possibilities for, and bounds to, reaching monetary sustainability of public environmental programmes are pointed out. The research relies on a local survey of 10 EECCA nations that concerned either ministries of surroundings and finance.    

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Burning for the Buddha: Self-Immolation in Chinese Buddhism by James A. Benn

By James A. Benn

Burning for the Buddha: Self-Immolation in chinese language Buddhism is the first book-length examine of the idea and perform of "abandoning the body"(self-immolation) in chinese language Buddhism. even though principally missed by way of traditional scholarship, the acts of self-immolators (which integrated now not simply burning the physique, but in addition being wolfed through wild animals, drowning oneself, and self-mummification, between others) shape an everlasting a part of the spiritual culture and supply a brand new point of view at the multifarious dimensions of Buddhist perform in China from the early medieval interval to the current time. This booklet examines the hagiographical money owed of all those that made choices in their personal our bodies and locations them in historic, social, cultural, and doctrinal context.Rather than privilege the doctrinal and exegetical interpretations of the culture, which imagine the important significance of the brain and its cultivation, James Benn makes a speciality of the ways that the heroic beliefs of the bodhisattva found in scriptural fabrics corresponding to the Lotus Sutra performed out within the realm of spiritual perform at the floor. His research leads him past conventional barriers among Buddhist stories and sinology and attracts on a wide variety of canonical, historic, and polemical resources, lots of them translated and analyzed for the 1st time in any language. concentrating on an element of spiritual perform that was once noticeable as either severe and heroic, Benn brings to the skin a couple of deep and unresolved tensions in the faith itself and divulges a few hitherto unsuspected elements of the continuously transferring negotiations among the Buddhist neighborhood and the state.Self-immolation in chinese language Buddhism was once arguable, and Burning for the Buddha supplies weight to the feedback and security of the perform either in the Buddhist culture and with no. It areas self-immolation within the context of chinese language Mah?y?na inspiration and explores its a number of spiritual, social, and old roles. those new views on a massive mode of Buddhist perform because it was once skilled and recorded in conventional China give a contribution not to simply the learn of Buddhism, but in addition the research of faith and the physique.

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The best Buddhist writing 2005 by Melvin McLeod

By Melvin McLeod

Clever and witty, heartfelt and profound, this moment quantity in an annual sequence brings jointly the year's so much amazing prose and verse encouraged through the ability and perception of Buddhist perform. Compiled through the editors of Shambhala sunlight , North America's oldest and most generally learn Buddhist journal, the gathering deals a full of life array of types, views, and issues of latest Buddhists. The twenty-five gifted members comprise commonplace favorites in addition to a few excellent voices who will satisfaction and enlighten the reader, with items starting from own memoir, event travelogue, felony magazine, and poetry, to recommendation for practitioners and knowledge teachings of the masters. between this year's amazing decisions are: Natalie Goldberg seems to be on the advanced and afflicted dating with the 2 most crucial males in her lifestyles: her father and her Zen instructor. The Dalai Lama explains Buddhism's signature doctrine of vacancy. Dharma instructor Gaylon Ferguson writes on problems with self worth and social justice for individuals of colour. Journalist Joan Duncan Oliver displays on her fight with dual addictions: "a drink and a man." Thich Nhat Hanh deals own meditations to aid us lead a extra healthy and aware existence. Cognitive psychologist Eleanor Rosch discourses on brain, meditation, and the artistic approach. Peter Matthiessen ponders the eager for event as he travels the Antarctic. Zen instructor John Tarrant tells how he utilized a famed koan as his mom used to be loss of life. members: religion Adiele · Geoffrey Shugen Arnold · Rick Bass · Edward Espe Brown · Michael Carroll · Chokyi Nyima Rinpoche · Peter Coyote · John Daido Loori · H. H. the Dalai Lama · Scott Darnell · Gretel Ehrlich · Gaylon Ferguson · Norman Fischer · Gehlek Rimpoche · Natalie Goldberg · Joseph Goldstein · Jeff Greenwald · Erik Hansen · Sam Harris · Joan Duncan Oliver · The Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche · Barbara Rhodes · Lewis Richmond · Eleanor Rosch · Andrew Schelling · Gary Snyder · John Tarrant · Thanissaro Bhikkhu · Thich Nhat Hanh · Claude Anshin Thomas · Traleg Kyabgon Rinpoche · Francisco J. Varela

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Cliffsnotes Victory by J. M. Lybyer

By J. M. Lybyer

The unique CliffsNotes examine courses supply specialist statement on significant subject matters, plots, characters, literary units, and historic history. the newest iteration of titles during this sequence additionally function glossaries and visible components that supplement the vintage, established format.

In CliffsNotes on Victory, you find one among Joseph Conrad's most intricate characters, Axel Heyst, a guy who has withdrawn from lifestyles, and during situation, has come to stay in isolation on an island -- till he meets the attractive Lena and falls deeply in love together with her. What follows is a sad story in an unique atmosphere that simply Joseph Conrad might tell.

Chapter summaries and commentaries take you thru Conrad's memorable novel, and important essays assist you comprehend constitution and symbolism of the radical. different beneficial properties that assist you research include

  • A basic precis of the advanced plot of the novel
  • Analyses of every of the most characters
  • A component to evaluate questions

Classic literature or sleek modern day treasure — you are going to know it all with specialist details and perception from CliffsNotes research guides.

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Between Athens and Jerusalem: Philosophy, Prophecy, and by David Janssens

By David Janssens

Praised as a tremendous political philosopher of the 20th century and vilified because the putative godfather of up to date neoconservatism, Leo Strauss (1899–1973) has been the thing of heated controversy either within the usa and in a foreign country. This e-book deals a extra balanced appraisal through targeting Strauss’s early writings. by way of an in depth and complete research of those texts, David Janssens reconstructs the genesis of Strauss’s suggestion from its earliest beginnings till his emigration to the USA in 1937. He discusses the 1st phases in Strauss’s grappling with the “theological-political problem,” from his doctoral dissertation on Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi to his contributions to Zionist periodicals, from his groundbreaking examine of Spinoza’s critique of faith to his examine on Moses Mendelssohn, and from his rediscovery of medieval Jewish and Islamic philosophy to his study on Hobbes. all through, Janssens strains Strauss’s rediscovery of the Socratic lifestyle as a possible replacement to either smooth philosophy and published faith.

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