Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, 2d Edition by Michael Heinrich, Joanne Barnes, Simon Gibbons, Elizabeth M.

By Michael Heinrich, Joanne Barnes, Simon Gibbons, Elizabeth M. Williamson

'A new vintage' in a brand new version! totally revised and up-to-date all through. New sections on antimicrobials. From magazine stories of the former variation: 'Drawing on their wealth of expertise and information during this box, the authors, who're surely one of the best minds in pharmacognosy this present day, supply priceless and engaging insights into the historical past, botany, chemistry, phytotherapy and significance of medicinal crops in a few of state-of-the-art wellbeing and fitness care platforms. this can be a landmark textbook, which conscientiously brings jointly suitable facts from a number of assets and offers in an authoritative and exhaustive demeanour, innovative info that's correct to pharmacists, pharmacognocists, complementary practitioners, medical professionals and nurses alike.' The Pharmaceutical magazine 'This is the 1st ebook that i've got encountered which mixes the compounds and vegetation present in typical pharmacognosy textbooks, i.e. these utilized in orthodox Western drugs, with the 'new phytopharmaceuticals' that have turn into tested in Western tradition over the past twenty years. The clinical institution during this surroundings is ultimately catching up with the practices of the overall inhabitants and so this e-book is a wonderful selection in case you desire to examine which of the numerous crops on hand have a few medical credence. I will be including this ebook to the fundamental analyzing checklist for all the undergraduate scholars on our pharmacy measure direction and may motivate all these serious about instructing pharmacy scholars to do the same." P.J. Houghton, division of Pharmacy, King's university London, magazine of Ethnopharmacology 'Educated pharmacists without doubt equate Pharmacognosy with hours spent hunched over a microscope making a choice on vegetable medications. Many most likely contemplate it as a subject matter with little value in a latest pharmacy curriculum. How mistaken they're! ... This publication is designed to provide an summary at an easy-to-understand point of a extensive topic area... for college students of technology and of the healthcare professions it's a valuable textual content and the authors are to be counseled for his or her work.' Irish Pharmacy magazine From shopper studies: 'A new vintage. this is often a very good booklet either for technological know-how scholars and the non medical who've an curiosity in phytotherapy. The format is logical and obviously set out. i admire the chemical structural diagrams, and the reasons of even advanced sequences are effortless to appreciate with little or no jargon. it's encouraging to work out pharmacognosy being given a fashionable position in a latest textbook, and engaging to determine either hand drawings and chemical constructions at the related page!' 'I can suggest this to somebody who's attracted to the technology in the back of natural items and drugs; particularly while you are drawn to vegetation. it is very simple to stick with and extremely concise! sturdy for pharmacy students.' 'This is an final texbook during this topic and a boon for college students of M Pharmacy (Pharmacognosy) in addition to undergraduates scholars of Pharmacy. in addition to them, it truly is appropriate for each direction comprising a examine of crops and their medicinal use.' 'Excellent reference booklet. As an editor, I immediately chanced on the solutions to numerous questions I had relating to botanical descriptions. And it even spoke back questions that I hadn't gotten round to asking. hugely recommended!'

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A key characteristic of a species is the way in which the leaves are arranged on the stem. For example, they may be (Fig. 3): l alternate: the leaves form an alternate or helical l l l l pattern around the stem, also called spiral distichous: there is a single leaf at each node, and the leaves of two neighbouring nodes are disposed in opposite positions opposite: the leaves occur in pairs, with each leaf opposing the other at the nodes decussate: this is a special case of opposite, where each successive pair of leaves is at a right angle to the previous pair (typical for the mint family) whorled: three or more leaves are found at one node.

4a). For example, leaves may be described as oval, oblong, rounded, linear, lanceolate, ovate, obovate, spatulate or cordate. The margin of the leaf is another characteristic feature. It can be entire (smooth), serrate (sawtoothed), dentate (toothed), sinuate (wavy) or ciliate (hairy) (Fig. 4b). Also, the base and the apex often have a very characteristic form. Microscopic characteristics of leaves include the form and number of stomata, the inner structure of the leaves, specialized secretory tissues including trichomes (glandular hairs), covering trichomes or bristles, and the presence of calcium oxalate structures which give a characteristic refractive pattern under polarized light.

Here, 20 families (out of a total of more than 200 recognized families) have been selected as being particularly important or interesting and are presented in alphabetical order within the groupings angiosperms and gymnosperms. The families are not classified further; more detailed information on the systematic position of these families can be found in relevant botanical textbooks (see further reading). e. the seed is covered by closed carpels. The fruit are sometimes very large and yield many of the economically important botanical products used because of their nutritional properties.

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